As ordered reported by the House Committee on Education and the Workforce on February 28, 2012
H.R. 3989 would amend and reauthorize several titles of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (the ESEA, commonly referred to, in its most recently reauthorized form, as No Child Left Behind). The underlying authorizations for those programs have expired, although most have received appropriations since their authorizations have expired. This bill would authorize funding through fiscal year 2018 for various grant programs, including grants for rural school districts and those with high proportions of low-income students, as well as funding for the education of Native Americans, children of migrant workers and other at-risk children, and students learning English. These authorizations would automatically be extended one year through 2019, under the General Education Provisions Act.
CBO estimates that H.R. 3989 would authorize the appropriation of $16.7 billion in 2013 and $85.9 billion over the 2013-2017 period. Implementing the bill would have discretionary costs of $64.0 billion over the 2013-2017 period, assuming appropriation of the estimated amounts. Enacting the bill would have no effect on direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 3990 (the Encouraging Innovation and Effective Teachers Act), also ordered reported by the House Committee on Education and the Workforce on February 28, 2012, would amend and reauthorize additional sections of the ESEA. Together, CBO estimates that H.R. 3989 and H.R. 3990 would authorize the appropriation of approximately $24 billion for fiscal year 2013. The Congress appropriated a little more than $24 billion for activities authorized in the ESEA for fiscal year 2012. (More detailed analysis of H.R. 3990 is included in a separate estimate.)
H.R. 3989 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) and would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal governments.