H.R. 3750 would waive passport fees for disaster response teams that assist in international relief efforts. The bill also would require the Department of State to report to the Congress on the number of waivers issued under the bill. For the past few years, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has contracted with search and rescue teams in Fairfax County, Virginia, and Los Angeles County, California, to assist with its response to international disasters such as the earthquake in Nepal earlier this year.
H.J. Res 71 would disapprove the final rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and published in the Federal Register on October 23, 2015, that regulates greenhouse gas emissions from new, modified, and reconstructed power plants that use fossil fuels. H.J. Res. 71 would invoke a legislative process established by the Congressional Review Act (Public Law 104-121) to disapprove the new rule. If H.J. Res. 71 is enacted, the rule would have no force or effect.
H.J. Res. 72 would disapprove the final rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and published in the Federal Register on October 23, 2015, that regulates greenhouse gas emissions from existing power plants that use fossil fuels. H.J. Res. 72 would invoke a legislative process established by the Congressional Review Act (Public Law 104-121) to disapprove the new rule. If H.J. Res 72 is enacted, the rule would have no force or effect.
S. 2109 would require the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to develop a plan to reduce the costs of administering programs that provide grants and technical assistance in areas affected by major disasters. Under current law, the agency is developing a plan to reduce the costs of administering disaster programs that would meet many of the requirements in the bill. Under the bill, the agency also would be required to issue annual reports evaluating the effect of the plan on administrative costs.
H.R. 1755 would amend the charter of the Disabled American Veterans (DAV) to specify that DAV is organized for charitable and educational purposes, and to ensure that upon dissolution of the organization any remaining assets would be transferred to the Department of Veterans Affairs. Those changes could allow DAV to qualify as a “public charity” under the Internal Revenue Code, and thus might lead to an increase in tax deductible donations.
H.R. 3766 would require the President to issue guidelines establishing measurable goals, performance metrics, and plans for monitoring and evaluating foreign aid programs that provide development or economic assistance. It also would require agencies that implement such programs to publish detailed information about their programs on a public website. Finally, the bill would require the President and the Comptroller General to report to the Congress on the guidelines.
H.R. 2241 would require the U.S. Agency for International Development to report annually to the Congress over the 2016-2020 period on the development and use of innovations in the agency’s global health programs. Based on information from the administration, CBO estimates that implementing that reporting requirement would cost less than $500,000 over the 2016-2020 period; such spending would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds.
H.R. 2845 would direct the President to increase public awareness of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and authorize several federal programs to encourage trade and economic cooperation with and between AGOA countries. In particular, the bill would:
H.R. 3016 would modify certain mandatory veterans’ programs, including those that provide educational benefits and mortgage loan guarantees. On net, CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3016 would decrease direct spending by $815 million over the 2016-2025 period.
H.R. 3293 would require that new National Science Foundation (NSF) grants advance the national interest, as defined in the bill, before funding may be awarded by the agency. Examples of advancing the national interest would include increasing economic competitiveness, advancing the health and welfare of the public, or supporting the national defense of the United States. Under the legislation, NSF also would be required to make a public announcement of each award of federal funding and explain how it would advance those interests.
H.R. 3242 would direct the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) to develop regulations requiring special packaging for liquid nicotine containers. CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost about $1 million over the 2016-2020 period, assuming the availability of appropriated funds. Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3242 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2026.
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) is issuing a revision to the cost estimate for the Surface Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015 (STRR Act) that was transmitted on November 17, 2015. That estimate included the cost of a provision appropriating $0.2 billion for grants to rail carriers for certain safety equipment; however, no appropriation for that purpose was included in the STRR Act, as passed by the U.S. House of Representatives. Removing the effect of that provision slightly reduces the cost of the legislation.
H.R. 1478 would amend existing laws regarding the financial regulation of insurance companies. Under the bill, federal banking regulators would be required to meet certain substantive and procedural requirements before requiring certain insurance companies to provide financial support to a depository institution. The bill also would revise certain procedures governing the orderly liquidation by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) of a systemically important financial firm that is an insurance company or a subsidiary of an insurance company.
H.R. 3859 would amend the Homeland Security Act of 2002 by making technical corrections to that act, including striking provisions related to obsolete offices and outdated reporting requirements. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 3859 would have no significant cost to the federal government.
Because enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3859 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2026.
S. 1579 would direct the Secretaries of Commerce and the Interior and other federal agencies that administer programs related to recreation and tourism to update existing plans to promote tourism among Indian communities. The bill would require those secretaries to report to the Congress on efforts to support Indian tribes’ tourism-related programs and clarify that tribal organizations are eligible to use certain federal grants for such purposes.
S. 2116 would direct the Small Business Administration (SBA) to broaden its assistance to small businesses by providing information and counseling on adopting and using broadband and other information technologies. Among other things, S.
H.R. 3189 would make a number of changes to the operations of the Federal Reserve System.
S. 152 would prohibit gambling (other than social games for prizes of minimal value) on property near Glendale, Arizona that is owned by the Tohono O’odham Nation and held in trust by the United States for the benefit of the tribe. That prohibition would last until 2027. The Tohono O’odham Nation is currently constructing a resort and casino on this property and expects to begin operations within a year.
H.R. 974 would nullify, within three years of the bill’s enactment, existing regulations prohibiting hand-propelled vessels on various streams and rivers in the Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks as well as the John D. Rockefeller Jr. Memorial Parkway in the states of Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming. Hand propelled vehicles include canoes, kayaks, and rafts propelled by paddles. The legislation also would direct the Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Park Service (NPS) to coordinate policies allowing the use of hand-propelled vessels on waterways in those areas.
H.R. 3459 would amend the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) to define “joint employer” to mean two or more employers who each share “actual, direct, and immediate control” over the terms and conditions of employment. In a recent ruling by the National Labor Relations Board, the Board concluded a “joint employer” relationship could be established when an employer exercises control over employment matters indirectly or such control is reserved to an employer by contract.
The Congressional Budget Office has completed a preliminary estimate of the effect on direct spending that would result from enacting S. 928, the James Zadroga 9/11 Health Compensation Reauthorization Act, as introduced on April 14, 2015. The bill would permanently extend spending authority for the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program and the September 11th Victims Compensation Fund (VCF).
S. 1893 would reauthorize and make several changes to grant programs administered by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Agency (SAMHSA) related to awareness, identification, and prevention of substance abuse and mental illness. The bill would also promote the expansion of a reporting system on violent deaths.
S. 1761 would take into trust, for the benefit of the Susanville Indian Rancheria, approximately 301 acres of land located in Lassen County, California, and administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). The bill would prohibit certain types of gaming on those lands.
S. 1436 would authorize the following land conveyances between the federal government and various tribes in Nevada:
H.R. 2270 would designate the wildlife refuge on the Nisqually River Delta in the State of Washington as “The Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge.”
The bill also would require the Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with local Native American tribes, to establish the Medicine Creek Treaty National Memorial at the location of the signing of the 1854 Medicine Creek Treaty, which established reservation land as well as the right to fish for tribes in the Puget Sound area.
Direct Spending Table
CBO estimates that implementing S. 1576 would have no significant cost to the federal government. Enacting the legislation could affect direct spending and revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that any effects on direct spending or revenues would be insignificant.
H.R. 3584 would specify a variety of requirements related primarily to aviation security programs implemented by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA). The bill would modify TSA programs for screening air passengers, vetting certain employees with access to secure areas of airports, conducting maintenance of screening equipment, and would require various administrative analyses and reports.
H.R. 3102 would require the Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) to undertake a variety of activities to improve the effectiveness of processes for screening, vetting, and credentialing personnel at airports, particularly individuals with access to secure areas.
S. 2128 would amend the Inspector General Act of 1978 to require that inspectors general (IG) create lists of reports that they are required to give the Congress along with any recommendations for eliminating or modifying reports. Each IG would have 60 days to identify all reports they are required to produce. The bill also would require the Council of Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency (CIGIE) to review all the lists for common and unique reports and to provide recommendations to the Congress on eliminating or modifying reports.