Function 050 - National Defense
Replace Some Military Personnel With Civilian Employees
CBO periodically issues a compendium of policy options (called Options for Reducing the Deficit) covering a broad range of issues, as well as separate reports that include options for changing federal tax and spending policies in particular areas. This option appears in one of those publications. The options are derived from many sources and reflect a range of possibilities. For each option, CBO presents an estimate of its effects on the budget but makes no recommendations. Inclusion or exclusion of any particular option does not imply an endorsement or rejection by CBO.
|Billions of Dollars||2023||2024||2025||2026||2027||2028||2029||2030||2031||2032||2023–
|Change in Discretionary Spending|
|Change in Mandatory Outlays||0||0.1||0.3||0.5||0.8||0.9||1.0||1.0||1.0||1.0||1.7||6.6|
The workforce of the Department of Defense (DoD) consists of members of the active-duty and reserve military, federal civilian employees, and private contractors. According to data from DoD, more than 300,000 active-duty members of the military work in support, or commercial, jobs that could be performed by civilian employees or contractors. In CBO's assessment, fewer civilians could provide the same quantity and quality of services provided by military personnel at a lower overall cost to the federal government because those civilians would receive less on-the-job training, would not have to devote part of the work year to general military training, and would probably not rotate among positions as rapidly as military personnel do.
Under this option, DoD would replace, over four years, 80,000 active-duty military personnel in commercial jobs with 64,000 civilian employees.