Mandatory Spending

Function 600 - Income Security

Eliminate Supplemental Security Income Benefits for Disabled Children

CBO periodically issues a compendium of policy options (called Options for Reducing the Deficit) covering a broad range of issues, as well as separate reports that include options for changing federal tax and spending policies in particular areas. This option appears in one of those publications. The options are derived from many sources and reflect a range of possibilities. For each option, CBO presents an estimate of its effects on the budget but makes no recommendations. Inclusion or exclusion of any particular option does not imply an endorsement or rejection by CBO.

Billions of Dollars 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2021–
Change in Mandatory Outlays 0 -11 -10 -10 -11 -12 -12 -13 -11 -13 -43 -103
Change in Discretionary Outlays 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -3 -8

This option would take effect in October 2021.

The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program provides cash assistance to people with low income and few assets who are disabled, aged, or both. In fiscal year 2020, 14 percent of SSI recipients were disabled children.

This option would eliminate SSI benefits for disabled children. Benefits for adult recipients would be unchanged. Because annual discretionary appropriations cover SSI’s administrative costs, this option would also generate discretionary savings.