Science and Research and Development

The federal government provides funding for a wide range of activities related to science and research and development (R&D); federal policies also affect the private sector's incentives to engage in those activities. CBO's work addresses science and R&D in energy, pharmaceuticals, space and ocean exploration, weapon development, climate change, and more.


Use this menu to filter CBO's publications by topic. From January 2011 forward, all the agency's products are categorized by topic. Cost estimates released prior to the 112th Congress are not categorized by topic.