The 2007–2009 financial crisis and recession were triggered in part by a near collapse of some large financial institutions, a sharp contraction in the availability of credit, and a large drop in house prices. In response, federal support for financial institutions and credit markets substantially increased. CBO quantifies the costs and risks of policy proposals related to federal credit and insurance programs, banking and capital markets, government-sponsored enterprises such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, and other federal financial activities.

Use this menu to filter CBO's publications by topic. From January 2011 forward, all the agency's products are categorized by topic. Cost estimates released prior to the 112th Congress are not categorized by topic.