S. 1094, Strengthening America’s Schools Act of 2013

Cost Estimate
September 13, 2013

As ordered reported by the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions on June 12, 2013

S. 1094 would amend and reauthorize most programs in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (the ESEA, commonly referred to, in its most recently reauthorized form, as No Child Left Behind). The underlying authorizations for those programs have expired, although most have received appropriations since their authorizations have expired. For almost all of the programs, the bill would authorize the appropriation of such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2014 through 2018. The bill also would amend and reauthorize the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act and amend the Department of Education Organization Act.

CBO estimates that S. 1094 would authorize the appropriation of about $24 billion in 2014 and $127 billion over the 2014-2018 period. Implementing the bill would have discretionary costs of $93 billion over the 2014-2018 period, assuming appropriation of the estimated amounts.

Enacting the bill also would increase direct spending by $10 million over the 2014-2023 period; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Enacting the bill would not affect revenues.

S. 1094 contains no intergovernmental mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA).

S. 1094 would impose a private-sector mandate, as defined in UMRA, on parents and guardians of unaccompanied youth by shielding schools from liability that might result from enrolling unaccompanied youth without parental or guardian consent. CBO expects that the costs of the mandate would not exceed the annual threshold established in UMRA for private-sector mandates ($150 million in 2013, adjusted annually for inflation).