S. 986 would authorize the Secretary of the Interior to place four parcels of federal land (totaling about 11 acres) in Albuquerque, New Mexico, into trust for the benefit of 19 Indian Pueblos in New Mexico. Under the bill, those Pueblos would be authorized to use the land for educational, health, cultural, business, or economic purposes. The bill would prohibit gaming activities on the affected properties. Additionally, the bill would allow the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) to continue to use the facilities on that land as they were used prior to enactment.
S. 993 would authorize the appropriation of $30 million annually over the 2016-2020 period for the Department of Justice to make grants to state, local, and tribal governments to improve mental health services in the criminal justice system, including programs to enhance services provided by correctional facilities and programs to assist certain military veterans.
S. 282 would amend federal law to increase the amount of information about federal programs that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provides online. The legislation would require that each program administered by a federal agency be described on the agency’s website, including the number of people served by or benefiting from the program, the number of federal employees and contract staff involved, and links to reviews of the program including those by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and Inspectors General.
H.R. 34 would amend and reauthorize the Tsunami Warning and Education Act. The bill would authorize appropriations totaling $162 million over the 2016-2021 period for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to carry out activities under that act. Based on information from NOAA and assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost $121 million over the 2016-2020 period and $41 million after 2020. Because enacting H.R. 34 would not affect direct spending or revenues, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 2051 would reauthorize, through fiscal year 2020, reports that are produced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) on the marketing and prices of cattle, swine, lambs, and products of such livestock. Current authority to produce those reports ends on September 30, 2015. The bill also would require the Secretary of Agriculture to begin daily reporting of certain negotiated purchases of swine and to conduct a study on the need to report on livestock prices to the federal government.
S. 434 would amend federal law to reform the security clearance process. A security clearance is a determination that a federal employee or contractor is eligible for access to classified national security information. The bill would require all federal agencies to terminate or place on administrative leave any employee that is involved in misconduct involving the security clearance process and prohibit employees of contractors and subcontractors involved in similar misconduct from performing background investigations. S.
S. 1180 would authorize activities to operate and modernize the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS) within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) over the 2016-2018 period. The bill also would establish a committee to develop and submit recommendations for improving the system. CBO estimates that implementing S. 1180 would cost $37 million over the next five years, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts over the 2016-2018 period.
Enacting this legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget and would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. The bill contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal governments.
S. 1109 would establish new requirements for the public disclosure of settlement agreements entered into by federal agencies. Specifically, the legislation would require that non-confidential settlements be posted online if they involve payments from nonfederal entities that are greater than $1 million and are related to a violation of civil or criminal laws. Under the bill, each settlement posted online would have to include the names of the parties involved, a description of the claims settled, the amount to be paid, and whether the settlement is a criminal or civil penalty or a fine.
H.R. 758 would amend Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure to require courts to impose appropriate sanctions on attorneys, law firms, or parties who file frivolous lawsuits and require them to compensate parties injured by such conduct. Under current law, courts may, but are not required to, impose such sanctions.
H.R. 1508 would establish certain policies and guidelines regarding the development of space resources by nonfederal entities. Existing international agreements authorize such activities under certain conditions, including requirements for national regulatory regimes to resolve liability, ownership, and operational issues. The bill would create a domestic framework for assigning property rights for resources from asteroids and for settling any related legal disputes.
H.R. 2261 would direct the Secretary of Commerce to submit annual reports on the status of private-sector applications for remote sensing technologies. The Secretary also would be required to submit a report to Congressional committees on any statutory changes that may be necessary to protect and promote national interests in such systems.
H.R. 2353 would extend from May 31, 2015 until July 31, 2015, the authority to expend funds from the Highway Trust Fund, and extend the authorization to obligate funds for programs administered by the Federal-Aid Highway Administration, the Federal Transit Administration, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. The bill also would extend the authority to expend funds from the Sport Fish Restoration and Boating Trust Fund, and the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund until July 31, 2015.
H.R. 2262 would direct the Department of Transportation (DOT), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Government Accountability Office to submit various reports to the Congress regarding commercial space operations and services, industry practices, as well as the potential liabilities associated with commercial space launches. Additionally, the bill would require DOT and NASA to contract with independent organizations to assess the commercial space industry and current regulations on space traffic and orbital activities.
H.R. 2263 would change the name of the Office of Space Commercialization in the Department of Commerce to the Office of Space Commerce and clarify the duties and responsibilities of the agency. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 2263 would have no significant effect on the federal budget because it would not expand the duties of the existing office. Enacting H.R. 2263 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
S. 710 would reauthorize Native American and Native Hawaiian block grant and loan guarantee programs, which provide housing assistance, through fiscal year 2020. In addition, the bill would authorize a new set-aside program to provide rental assistance to Native American veterans who are homeless or at risk of homelessness. CBO estimates that implementing S. 710 would cost about $2.4 billion over the 2016-2020 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts.
Pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply to this legislation because it would not affect direct spending or revenues.
H.R. 1335 would amend and reauthorize the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSA) and authorize the appropriation of $1.6 billion through 2019 to carry out that act. The bill also would require the Secretary of Commerce to request that the National Academy of Sciences conduct a study of certain mixed-use fisheries.
H.R. 1987 would authorize appropriations totaling $17.5 billion, primarily for ongoing operations of the United States Coast Guard (USCG) and the Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) over the 2016-2017 period. The bill would amend laws that govern the activities of USCG, FMC, and the Maritime Administration within the Department of Transportation. Assuming appropriation of the specified amounts, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost $16.6 billion over the 2016-2020 period.
H.R. 2039 would authorize the appropriation of $18.5 billion in 2016 and $18.8 billion in 2017 for activities of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). In 2015, NASA received an appropriation of $18.0 billion. Assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost $37.1 billion over the 2016-2020 period.
Enacting H.R. 2039 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 2039 contains no intergovernmental
S. 967 would require the Small Business Administration (SBA) to develop a database that tracks information about lenders that participate in the agency’s loan guarantee programs and the loans they have made under those programs (which are termed covered loans in the bill). The database would contain information, such as the name of the lender, the number and total dollar amount of covered loans made by the lender, whether the loans are made for existing or new businesses, and the SBA program that provided the guarantee for the loans.
H.R. 623 would direct the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to establish a working group to provide guidance and best practices on the use of social media technologies, specifically during a terrorist attack or other emergency. The group would prepare guidance for the emergency preparedness and response community. The act would define the membership of the working group, which would include more than 20 experts from federal, state, local, and tribal governments along with nongovernmental organizations.
H.R. 2088 would amend and extend, through 2020, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) authority to carry out activities under the United States Grain Standards Act. The bill would authorize annual appropriations of amounts necessary for the Grain Inspection, Packers, and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA, an agency of USDA) to carry out activities under that act and extend GIPSA’s authority to collect and spend fees for certain grain inspection and weighing services. H.R.
This legislation would postpone the dates by which states and operators of existing fossil-fuel fired power plants must comply with any existing or future rules addressing emissions of carbon dioxide proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Such rules include:
H.R. 1561 would authorize the appropriation of $120 million for each of fiscal years 2016 and 2017 for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to improve forecasting of severe weather events. The bill also would authorize NOAA to carry out various other activities related to weather forecasting and research.
S. 916 would amend the Internal Revenue Code to make it clear that certain compensation paid to public safety officers or their surviving dependents for death or disability in the line of duty is not subject to income tax.
The staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) estimates that enacting S. 916 would have no budgetary effect over the 2015-2025 period.
The Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 would amend various trade statutes with the goal of strengthening agency enforcement efforts and improving the efficiency of the regulatory process. The bill would:
H.R. 1735 would authorize appropriations totaling an estimated $605.3 billion for fiscal year 2016 for the military functions of the Department of Defense (DoD), for certain activities of the Department of Energy (DOE), and for other purposes. In addition, H.R. 1735 would prescribe personnel strengths for each active-duty and selected-reserve component of the U.S. armed forces.
The legislation would extend reduced tariff rates imposed on products imported under the African Growth and Opportunity Act, the Generalized System of Preferences, and the Haitian Hemispheric Opportunity through Partnership Encouragement Act. The bill also would shift some corporate income tax payments between fiscal years, expand the account information that financial institutions and others are required to report to the Internal Revenue Service, and increase the rate of certain fees collected by Customs and Border Protection as well as extend the authority to collect those fees.
H.R. 2048 would make several amendments to the investigative and surveillance authorities of the United States government, and would specify the conditions under which the federal government may conduct certain types of surveillance. CBO does not provide estimates for the cost of classified programs; therefore, this estimate addresses only the unclassified aspects of the bill. Under that limitation, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 2048 would cost $15 million over the 2016-2020 period, subject to the appropriation of the necessary amounts.
H.R. 1155 would establish a commission to review existing federal regulations and identify those that should be repealed to reduce the cost of regulations on the economy. In addition, the legislation would require agencies to review all regulations within 10 years. Finally, H.R. 1155 would authorize the appropriation of up to $30 million to fund the commission.