The Trade Adjustment Assistance Reauthorization Act of 2015 would temporarily expand coverage of Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) for Workers through June 2021, and reauthorize the program through June 2022. The bill also would authorize appropriations for other trade adjustment assistance programs for farmers and firms through 2021. Additionally, the bill would extend the health coverage tax credit (HCTC) through 2019. Finally, it would extend the authority to collect and increase the rate of certain customs user fees, and make changes to the Medicare program.
H.R. 237 would authorize the Department of State to deny a passport to a U.S. citizen if it found that person had helped a foreign terrorist organization, or to revoke their passport if one had already been issued. The department would be required to report to the Congress each time it uses that authority.
H.R. 907 would authorize the Department of State to enter into an agreement with Jordan to increase assistance to and defense cooperation with that country. For a three year period, it would allow the President to expedite military sales to Jordan and to waive or reduce certain surcharges on military sales from Department of Defense stocks.
H.R. 1806 would authorize appropriations totaling about $33 billion over the 2016-2020 period for several agencies to support scientific research, industrial innovation, and certain educational activities. Assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost about $32 billion over the 2016-2020 period.
S. 653 would authorize appropriations for grants from the U.S. Geological Survey to colleges and universities to support research related to increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of new and existing water treatment systems. This legislation would authorize the appropriation of $7.5 million a year through 2020 for such grants. In addition, S.
H.R. 653 would amend the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). FOIA generally allows any person to obtain records from federal agencies.
H.R. 1735 would make several major changes to the military retirement system beginning in 2018. One such change, requiring the Department of Defense to make matching contributions to the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) on behalf of military personnel, would encourage service members to increase their contributions to the TSP, thereby reducing their taxable income. CBO and the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation estimate that enacting this bill would reduce revenues by about $1.3 billion over the 2018-2025 period (see attached table).
H.R. 1907 would amend various trade statutes with the goal of strengthening agency enforcement efforts and improving the efficiency of the regulatory process. The bill would:
CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no significant effect on the federal budget and would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. The bill contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal governments.
H.R. 906 would specify energy-efficiency standards for certain water heaters, require manufacturers of such water heaters and utilities to report to the Secretary of Energy on their prevalence and use, and direct the Secretary to publish periodic analyses of that information.
H.R. 1759 would require federal agencies to provide certain information to the public regarding proposed and final regulations. The bill would require federal agencies to submit information for a proposed new supplement to the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions (a semiannual compilation of the federal regulations under development) that would be published monthly. The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) would be required to post that information on the Internet on a monthly and annual basis.
H.R. 1892 would temporarily expand coverage of Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) for Workers through June 2021, and reauthorize the program through June 2022. The bill also would authorize appropriations for other trade adjustment assistance programs for farmers and firms through 2021. Additionally, the bill would extend the health coverage tax credit (HCTC) through 2019. Finally, it would extend the authority to collect and increase the rate of certain customs user fees, and make changes to the Medicare program.
The Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015 would restore the President's authority to enter into multilateral and bilateral trade agreements. The authority would be extended through July 1, 2018, with the possibility to extend for another three years at the President’s request. Pay-as-you-go procedures apply because enacting the legislation could affect revenues. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending.
H.R. 1891 would extend the reduced tariff rates currently imposed on products imported under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), and the Haitian Hemispheric Opportunity through Partnership Encouragement Act. The bill also would shift some corporate income tax payments between fiscal years and increase the rate of certain fees collected by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) as well as extend the authority to collect those fees.
H.R. 1890 would restore the President's authority to enter into multilateral and bilateral trade agreements. The authority would be extended through July 1, 2018, with the possibility to extend for another three years at the President’s request. Pay-as-you-go procedures apply because enacting the legislation could affect revenues. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending.
Under current law, the Congress can prevent a rule from taking effect by enacting a joint resolution of disapproval. In contrast, H.R. 427 would require enactment of a joint resolution of approval prior to any major rule taking effect. In doing so, H.R. 427 would make the implementation of new major regulations dependent on future legislation. Because CBO does not assume enactment of subsequent legislation in estimating a bill’s effect on direct spending and revenues, this estimate addresses the costs and savings that would be realized if anticipated major rules do not take effect.
H.R. 1734 would effectively codify a final rule published in the Federal Register on April 17, 2014, that establishes national management and disposal standards for coal combustion residuals (CCR) under subtitle D of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, also known as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). (CCR consists of inorganic residues that remain after pulverized coal is burned.) Consistent with subtitle D of RCRA, the rule and this legislation would allow states to create and enforce their own CCR permit programs. However, H.R.
H.R. 1732 would require the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) to withdraw the proposed rule published in the Federal Register on April 21, 2014, that defines the scope of waters protected by the Clean Water Act (CWA). Under the CWA, EPA and the Corps, along with the states, serve as co-regulators of activities affecting the nation’s waters.
H. J. Res. 43 would repeal a recently enacted District of Columbia law. Under the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, the Congress has 30 days to disapprove laws enacted by the District of Columbia. CBO estimates that the new District of Columbia law—regarding reproductive health decisions—has no impact on the federal budget. Therefore, CBO estimates that enactment of H. J. Res. 43 would result in no cost to the federal government. Because enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 1531 would make individuals serving as temporary employees for federal land management agencies eligible to compete for permanent positions with those agencies under internal merit promotion procedures. CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would have no significant effect on the federal budget. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 1472 would authorize appropriations totaling $38 million over the 2016-2018 period for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to modernize the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS). The bill also would establish a committee to develop and submit recommendations for improving the system. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 1472 would cost $37 million over the next five years, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts.
Enacting this legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 500 would establish an advisory council to make recommendations to federal agencies on monitoring and combating human trafficking. The council would comprise five survivors of human trafficking and would meet at least once each year. The council members would not be considered federal employees but would receive per diem and reimbursement of travel costs for their service.
H.R. 1567 would require the President to develop and implement a strategy to improve global food security. In carrying out that strategy, the Administration would provide assistance to developing countries to reduce chronic hunger and poverty, support economic growth by expanding agricultural output, and improve nutrition, especially among women and children. The strategy would be similar to the Administration’s ongoing global food security initiative called Feed the Future. The bill also would require the Administration to submit a detailed progress report to the Congress.
S. 764 would authorize appropriations totaling $544 million over the 2016-2021 period for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to carry out the National Sea Grant College Program, which funds scientific research, education, and public outreach at certain universities related to marine issues. In addition, under the bill the program would provide funds for marine policy fellowships.
H.R. 308 would prohibit gambling (other than social games for prizes of minimal value) on property near Glendale, Arizona that is owned by the Tohono O’odham Nation and held in trust by the United States for the benefit of the tribe. That prohibition would last until 2027. The Tohono O’odham Nation is currently constructing a resort and casino on this property and expects to begin operations within a year.
S. 1031 would amend the Workforce Investment and Opportunity Act to clarify the standing of workforce development boards, broaden the primary indicators of performance for the youth employment program authorized by the act, and establish minimum allotment procedures for establishing grants to states for adult employment and training activities. In addition, the bill would clarify terms of membership for the National Council on Disability.
CBO estimates that enacting S. 1031 would not have any budgetary effects; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 336 would authorize the General Services Administration (GSA), on behalf of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) to sell certain property in Anchorage, Alaska, for its fair market value. Based on information from NARA and GSA, CBO expects that the property will be sold under current law at some point over the next ten years because the agency has closed its operating facilities in Alaska. Thus, CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no significant effect on the federal budget.
H.R. 1158 would authorize the Department of Energy and the directors of its national laboratories to enter into agreements to increase collaboration with non-federal entities for research and technology exchange projects. The legislation would authorize the directors to continue to engage in Agreements for Commercializing Technology (ACT), a pilot program that allows private entities to partner with participating national laboratories for research and development.
H.R. 944 would authorize the appropriation of $27 million annually over the 2016-2020 period for the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) National Estuary Program. The legislation also would amend the Clean Water Act to require that grants awarded to state, local, and private entities by EPA are awarded in a competitive manner. CBO estimates that implementing this legislation would cost $116 million over the 2016-2020 period, assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts.
Estimated Effects on Direct Spending and Revenues of S. 1009