The Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015 would restore the President's authority to enter into multilateral and bilateral trade agreements. The authority would be extended through July 1, 2018, with the possibility to extend for another three years at the President’s request. Pay-as-you-go procedures apply because enacting the legislation could affect revenues. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending.
H.R. 1891 would extend the reduced tariff rates currently imposed on products imported under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), and the Haitian Hemispheric Opportunity through Partnership Encouragement Act. The bill also would shift some corporate income tax payments between fiscal years and increase the rate of certain fees collected by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) as well as extend the authority to collect those fees.
H.R. 1890 would restore the President's authority to enter into multilateral and bilateral trade agreements. The authority would be extended through July 1, 2018, with the possibility to extend for another three years at the President’s request. Pay-as-you-go procedures apply because enacting the legislation could affect revenues. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending.
Under current law, the Congress can prevent a rule from taking effect by enacting a joint resolution of disapproval. In contrast, H.R. 427 would require enactment of a joint resolution of approval prior to any major rule taking effect. In doing so, H.R. 427 would make the implementation of new major regulations dependent on future legislation. Because CBO does not assume enactment of subsequent legislation in estimating a bill’s effect on direct spending and revenues, this estimate addresses the costs and savings that would be realized if anticipated major rules do not take effect.
H.R. 1734 would effectively codify a final rule published in the Federal Register on April 17, 2014, that establishes national management and disposal standards for coal combustion residuals (CCR) under subtitle D of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, also known as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). (CCR consists of inorganic residues that remain after pulverized coal is burned.) Consistent with subtitle D of RCRA, the rule and this legislation would allow states to create and enforce their own CCR permit programs. However, H.R.
H.R. 1732 would require the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) to withdraw the proposed rule published in the Federal Register on April 21, 2014, that defines the scope of waters protected by the Clean Water Act (CWA). Under the CWA, EPA and the Corps, along with the states, serve as co-regulators of activities affecting the nation’s waters.
H. J. Res. 43 would repeal a recently enacted District of Columbia law. Under the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, the Congress has 30 days to disapprove laws enacted by the District of Columbia. CBO estimates that the new District of Columbia law—regarding reproductive health decisions—has no impact on the federal budget. Therefore, CBO estimates that enactment of H. J. Res. 43 would result in no cost to the federal government. Because enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 1531 would make individuals serving as temporary employees for federal land management agencies eligible to compete for permanent positions with those agencies under internal merit promotion procedures. CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would have no significant effect on the federal budget. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 1472 would authorize appropriations totaling $38 million over the 2016-2018 period for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to modernize the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS). The bill also would establish a committee to develop and submit recommendations for improving the system. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 1472 would cost $37 million over the next five years, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts.
Enacting this legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 500 would establish an advisory council to make recommendations to federal agencies on monitoring and combating human trafficking. The council would comprise five survivors of human trafficking and would meet at least once each year. The council members would not be considered federal employees but would receive per diem and reimbursement of travel costs for their service.
H.R. 1567 would require the President to develop and implement a strategy to improve global food security. In carrying out that strategy, the Administration would provide assistance to developing countries to reduce chronic hunger and poverty, support economic growth by expanding agricultural output, and improve nutrition, especially among women and children. The strategy would be similar to the Administration’s ongoing global food security initiative called Feed the Future. The bill also would require the Administration to submit a detailed progress report to the Congress.
S. 764 would authorize appropriations totaling $544 million over the 2016-2021 period for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to carry out the National Sea Grant College Program, which funds scientific research, education, and public outreach at certain universities related to marine issues. In addition, under the bill the program would provide funds for marine policy fellowships.
H.R. 308 would prohibit gambling (other than social games for prizes of minimal value) on property near Glendale, Arizona that is owned by the Tohono O’odham Nation and held in trust by the United States for the benefit of the tribe. That prohibition would last until 2027. The Tohono O’odham Nation is currently constructing a resort and casino on this property and expects to begin operations within a year.
S. 1031 would amend the Workforce Investment and Opportunity Act to clarify the standing of workforce development boards, broaden the primary indicators of performance for the youth employment program authorized by the act, and establish minimum allotment procedures for establishing grants to states for adult employment and training activities. In addition, the bill would clarify terms of membership for the National Council on Disability.
CBO estimates that enacting S. 1031 would not have any budgetary effects; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 336 would authorize the General Services Administration (GSA), on behalf of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) to sell certain property in Anchorage, Alaska, for its fair market value. Based on information from NARA and GSA, CBO expects that the property will be sold under current law at some point over the next ten years because the agency has closed its operating facilities in Alaska. Thus, CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no significant effect on the federal budget.
H.R. 1158 would authorize the Department of Energy and the directors of its national laboratories to enter into agreements to increase collaboration with non-federal entities for research and technology exchange projects. The legislation would authorize the directors to continue to engage in Agreements for Commercializing Technology (ACT), a pilot program that allows private entities to partner with participating national laboratories for research and development.
H.R. 944 would authorize the appropriation of $27 million annually over the 2016-2020 period for the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) National Estuary Program. The legislation also would amend the Clean Water Act to require that grants awarded to state, local, and private entities by EPA are awarded in a competitive manner. CBO estimates that implementing this legislation would cost $116 million over the 2016-2020 period, assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts.
Estimated Effects on Direct Spending and Revenues of S. 1009
H.R. 1473 would amend the John F. Kennedy Center Act by authorizing appropriations for maintenance, repair, and security of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, as well as for capital projects for the center. Those activities were previously authorized through fiscal year 2014, and the Congress appropriated a total of $33 million in 2015 for those activities.
S. 615 would establish a Congressional review process for any long-term, comprehensive agreement reached with Iran on that country’s nuclear program and would require the Administration to provide several reports and certifications to the Congress if an agreement is reached. Under the bill, the Congress would have a set period to review the agreement during which the President would be barred from providing Iran additional relief from sanctions.
H.R. 1770 would establish a new law to require businesses to take reasonable steps to protect personal information they maintain in electronic form. Further, H.R. 1770 would require those entities, in the event of a breach in their security systems, to notify individuals whose personal information has been accessed and acquired as a result of the breach. Forty-seven states have laws that govern data security; H.R. 1770 would pre-empt many of those statutes.
H.R. 152 would require the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) to enter into an agreement with the Corolla Wild Horse Fund (CWHF), a nonprofit organization, to manage wild horses in and around the Currituck National Wildlife Refuge. The wild horse population in the area is currently managed under a similar agreement between USFWS and CWHF. The new agreement would require CWHF to maintain a wild horse population totaling between 110 and 130 and would specify that CWHF is responsible for certain costs associated with managing that population.
Under current law, Class I railroads (there are currently 7 such large railroads in the United States), most passenger rail lines, and any rail lines that transport hazardous materials are required to install and operate by December 31, 2015, certain automated safety equipment to avoid collisions in the event of a mistake by a train operator. This combined use of equipment and wireless communications is known as positive train control. Under provisions of the bill, the 2015 deadline to implement positive train control would be delayed by five years until December 31, 2020.
S. 808 would authorize appropriations for the programs of the Surface Transportation Board (STB), establish the STB as a government agency independent of the Department of Transportation (DOT), and authorize other changes in the agency’s operations. Based on information from the STB, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost $198 million over the 2016-2020 period, assuming the appropriation of the amounts authorized and estimated to be necessary.
Enacting S. 808 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
Estimated Effects on Direct Spending and Revenues of H.R. 1892
Estimated effects on Direct Spending and Revenues of H.R. 1891
H.R. 712 would modify the process used to develop consent decrees and settlement agreements that require federal agencies to take specified regulatory actions. Under the bill, a summary of all such complaints against federal agencies, the terms of consent decrees or settlement agreements, and the awards of attorneys’ fees would need to be published and accessible to the public in an electronic format.
H.R. 1731 would largely codify the role of the National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center of the Department of Homeland Security in exchanging information about cyber threats with other federal agencies and nonfederal entities. The legislation also would require that certain additional procedures be followed when that information is shared, such as checking for and expunging personal information. Finally, the bill would require several reports to the Congress on cybersecurity information sharing.
H. Con. Res. 25 would authorize the Grand Lodge of the Fraternal Order of Police and its auxiliary to use the Capitol grounds for two days in May 2015, or on such a date as the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration may jointly designate. Because it would require that the sponsors assume responsibility for all expenses and liabilities associated with the event, CBO estimates that passage of H. Con. Res. 25 would result in no significant cost to the federal government.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 1690 would have no significant impact on the federal budget and would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
The bill contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal governments.