H.R. 2393 would repeal existing requirements for retailers of beef, pork, and chicken to inform customers at the final point of sale of the country of origin of those products. The repeal would not affect existing requirements for country-of-origin labeling for lamb, venison, goat meat, perishable agricultural commodities, peanuts, farm-raised and wild fish, ginseng, pecans, and macadamia nuts.
H.R. 2289 would authorize appropriations to operate the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) through 2019 and to make changes in some of the agency’s operating procedures. The bill also would amend the Commodity Exchange Act to provide greater protections for customer funds held by entities that broker transactions in commodity futures and to relax requirements on certain participants in swap transactions. (A swap is a contract that calls for an exchange of cash between two participants, based on an underlying rate or index or on the performance of an asset.)
H.R. 2045 would establish as an unfair or deceptive act sending letters to companies and individuals claiming infringement of a patent when those letters include certain statements, as outlined in the bill, that are known by the sender to be false or misleading. Similarly, the bill would establish as an unfair or deceptive act sending such letters if, in bad faith, the sender fails to include certain other information also outlined in the bill. H.R. 2045 would authorize the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to seek civil penalties for violations of the new prohibitions.
Under current law, the Small Business Administration (SBA) waives payment of a guarantee fee for certain loans made under the agency’s 7(a) loan guarantee program to veterans, military reservists, and their spouses that operate small businesses. S. 957 would make this pilot program permanent. The bill also would direct the agency to provide three reports to the Congress on matters related to the SBA’s services to veterans and military reservists.
H.R. 1831 would establish the Commission on Evidence-Based Policymaking (commission) to study the inventory and infrastructure of data related to federal programs. The 15-member commission would be directed to determine the best structure for information that is collected and maintained by federal agencies to effectively analyze and evaluate federal programs. In addition, the commission would consider whether to establish a clearinghouse for information collected by federal agencies.
S. 552 would raise the maximum amount of debt that the Small Business Administration (SBA) can guarantee for a group of companies participating in the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) program that are operated together (defined as “a family of funds”) from $225 million to $350 million.
H.R. 2206 would expand the application requirements for funding through the State Homeland Security Grant Program. The bill would require states to certify as part of their grant application that the state has designated a statewide interoperability coordinator to oversee the daily operations of the state’s interoperability programs. Those programs are aimed at ensuring that the communications systems of different emergency response agencies can work together.
H.R. 2390 would require the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to prepare annual reports that describe the work of DHS’s program for university-based centers for homeland security. Under the bill the Government Accountability Office also would assess those centers, which research multidisciplinary approaches to homeland security problems. Based on the cost of similar activities, CBO estimates that preparing the reports required by H.R. 2390 would cost less than $500,000 in 2016 and over the 2016-2020 period, assuming availability of appropriated funds.
S. 802 would authorize the Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development to prioritize and emphasize ongoing assistance programs to improve birth registration programs, prevent discrimination against girls and women, and build the capacity of developing countries to ensure equitable treatment of females. The agencies would be required to coordinate with international organizations, civil society organizations, and the private sector in meeting those goals.
H.R. 2100 would authorize the Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development to prioritize and emphasize ongoing assistance programs to improve birth registration programs, prevent discrimination against girls and women, and build the capacity of developing countries to ensure equitable treatment of females. The agencies would be required to coordinate with international organizations, civil society organizations, and the private sector in meeting those goals.
H.R. 1759 would require federal agencies to provide certain information to the public regarding proposed and final regulations. The bill would require federal agencies to submit information for a proposed new supplement to the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions (a semiannual compilation of the federal regulations under development) that would be published monthly. The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs would be required to post that information on the Internet on a monthly and annual basis.
H.R. 526 would require trusts set up through a Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization caused by asbestos liabilities to submit quarterly reports to the bankruptcy court concerning the damage claims and payments made by the trust. Based on information provided by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC), CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 526 would have no significant effect on the federal budget because the AOUSC would incur only minor costs to make that information publicly available. Enacting H.R.
S. 986 would authorize the Secretary of the Interior to place four parcels of federal land (totaling about 11 acres) in Albuquerque, New Mexico, into trust for the benefit of 19 Indian Pueblos in New Mexico. Under the bill, those Pueblos would be authorized to use the land for educational, health, cultural, business, or economic purposes. The bill would prohibit gaming activities on the affected properties. Additionally, the bill would allow the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) to continue to use the facilities on that land as they were used prior to enactment.
S. 993 would authorize the appropriation of $30 million annually over the 2016-2020 period for the Department of Justice to make grants to state, local, and tribal governments to improve mental health services in the criminal justice system, including programs to enhance services provided by correctional facilities and programs to assist certain military veterans.
S. 282 would amend federal law to increase the amount of information about federal programs that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provides online. The legislation would require that each program administered by a federal agency be described on the agency’s website, including the number of people served by or benefiting from the program, the number of federal employees and contract staff involved, and links to reviews of the program including those by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and Inspectors General.
H.R. 34 would amend and reauthorize the Tsunami Warning and Education Act. The bill would authorize appropriations totaling $162 million over the 2016-2021 period for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to carry out activities under that act. Based on information from NOAA and assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost $121 million over the 2016-2020 period and $41 million after 2020. Because enacting H.R. 34 would not affect direct spending or revenues, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
H.R. 2051 would reauthorize, through fiscal year 2020, reports that are produced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) on the marketing and prices of cattle, swine, lambs, and products of such livestock. Current authority to produce those reports ends on September 30, 2015. The bill also would require the Secretary of Agriculture to begin daily reporting of certain negotiated purchases of swine and to conduct a study on the need to report on livestock prices to the federal government.
S. 434 would amend federal law to reform the security clearance process. A security clearance is a determination that a federal employee or contractor is eligible for access to classified national security information. The bill would require all federal agencies to terminate or place on administrative leave any employee that is involved in misconduct involving the security clearance process and prohibit employees of contractors and subcontractors involved in similar misconduct from performing background investigations. S.
S. 1180 would authorize activities to operate and modernize the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS) within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) over the 2016-2018 period. The bill also would establish a committee to develop and submit recommendations for improving the system. CBO estimates that implementing S. 1180 would cost $37 million over the next five years, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts over the 2016-2018 period.
Enacting this legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no significant impact on the federal budget and would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. The bill contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal governments.
S. 1109 would establish new requirements for the public disclosure of settlement agreements entered into by federal agencies. Specifically, the legislation would require that non-confidential settlements be posted online if they involve payments from nonfederal entities that are greater than $1 million and are related to a violation of civil or criminal laws. Under the bill, each settlement posted online would have to include the names of the parties involved, a description of the claims settled, the amount to be paid, and whether the settlement is a criminal or civil penalty or a fine.
H.R. 758 would amend Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure to require courts to impose appropriate sanctions on attorneys, law firms, or parties who file frivolous lawsuits and require them to compensate parties injured by such conduct. Under current law, courts may, but are not required to, impose such sanctions.
H.R. 1508 would establish certain policies and guidelines regarding the development of space resources by nonfederal entities. Existing international agreements authorize such activities under certain conditions, including requirements for national regulatory regimes to resolve liability, ownership, and operational issues. The bill would create a domestic framework for assigning property rights for resources from asteroids and for settling any related legal disputes.
H.R. 2261 would direct the Secretary of Commerce to submit annual reports on the status of private-sector applications for remote sensing technologies. The Secretary also would be required to submit a report to Congressional committees on any statutory changes that may be necessary to protect and promote national interests in such systems.
H.R. 2353 would extend from May 31, 2015 until July 31, 2015, the authority to expend funds from the Highway Trust Fund, and extend the authorization to obligate funds for programs administered by the Federal-Aid Highway Administration, the Federal Transit Administration, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. The bill also would extend the authority to expend funds from the Sport Fish Restoration and Boating Trust Fund, and the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund until July 31, 2015.
H.R. 2262 would direct the Department of Transportation (DOT), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Government Accountability Office to submit various reports to the Congress regarding commercial space operations and services, industry practices, as well as the potential liabilities associated with commercial space launches. Additionally, the bill would require DOT and NASA to contract with independent organizations to assess the commercial space industry and current regulations on space traffic and orbital activities.
H.R. 2263 would change the name of the Office of Space Commercialization in the Department of Commerce to the Office of Space Commerce and clarify the duties and responsibilities of the agency. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 2263 would have no significant effect on the federal budget because it would not expand the duties of the existing office. Enacting H.R. 2263 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
S. 710 would reauthorize Native American and Native Hawaiian block grant and loan guarantee programs, which provide housing assistance, through fiscal year 2020. In addition, the bill would authorize a new set-aside program to provide rental assistance to Native American veterans who are homeless or at risk of homelessness. CBO estimates that implementing S. 710 would cost about $2.4 billion over the 2016-2020 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts.
Pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply to this legislation because it would not affect direct spending or revenues.
H.R. 1335 would amend and reauthorize the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSA) and authorize the appropriation of $1.6 billion through 2019 to carry out that act. The bill also would require the Secretary of Commerce to request that the National Academy of Sciences conduct a study of certain mixed-use fisheries.
H.R. 1987 would authorize appropriations totaling $17.5 billion, primarily for ongoing operations of the United States Coast Guard (USCG) and the Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) over the 2016-2017 period. The bill would amend laws that govern the activities of USCG, FMC, and the Maritime Administration within the Department of Transportation. Assuming appropriation of the specified amounts, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost $16.6 billion over the 2016-2020 period.